August 24, 2016    Uncategorized

New website

Kia ora koutou

we have transferred Pānui to a new website, and this site is no longer updated.  Please visit

Nga mihi.

July 1, 2016    Uncategorized

Māori News for the Week Ending 1 July 2016 (22/2016)


  • Last Thursday Statistics New Zealand released Ngā ara tatauranga Statistical pathways, which is a collection of six posters featuring successful young Māori commencing their professional careers.  The posters emphasise the importance of statistics in work environments, and collectively demonstrate the breadth of professional work opportunities available to Māori youth.

  • Whetu Fala has been appointed to the board of Maori Television.
  • Graham Pryor has been appointed to the board of Radio New Zealand.
  • This week in a Māori Affairs Select Committee meeting Nanaia Mahuta, the Labour Party spokesperson for Whānau Ora, questioned the Minister for Whānau Ora, Te Ururoa Flavell, on why there were no reported outcomes for the initiative.  Minister Flavell responded indicating that Te Puni Kōkiri does in fact provide reports to Ministers.  However such reports have not been made available to the public.  While we note the Labour Party – as the opposition party in Parliament – has a political element to its line of enquiry, we consider this questioning fair, and can see no reason why up-to-date performance monitoring information on Whānau Ora, from Te Puni Kōkiri as the monitoring agency, should not be made available for consideration by Māori – given Māori empowerment is one of the supposed core tenets of the initiative (not Ministerial empowerment).   Giving this matter more prominence is a May 2015 report on Whānau Ora by the Auditor-General, which is largely negative, particularly in regards to administration costs and practices (Pānui 15/2015 refers).  One of the main criticisms by the Auditor-General was that “comprehensive reporting on results achieved had not occurred”. [1]      (Note 2014/15 annual reports from Whānau Ora commissioning agencies are publicly available.)

[1] Minister Flavell has subsequently released a media statement indicating he considers there is sufficient reporting on Whānau Ora.

July 1, 2016    Uncategorized

Discussion Paper on Māori Population Data Released – 1 July 2016 (22/2016)


  1. On Wednesday Statistics New Zealand released a discussion paper entitled Identifying Māori populations using administrative data: A comparison with the census.   This paper is part of the Census Transformation project, which is investigating changes to the administration of the census:  for example, whether the census can be held every ten years instead of every five years, and what data really needs to be collected.  That is, if other Government ‘administrative data’ already exists can some questions in the census be changed or removed?
  2. Presently there are four Māori specific variables within the census: questions on Māori descent; Māori ethnicity; iwi affiliation; and te reo Māori speaking proficiency.  This report finds that existing administrative data sources within Government provide good information about Māori, but lack completeness.  This lower quality of non-census sources means that these alternative sources, such as birth/death records, education and health data sets cannot presently replace the census questions in relation to Māori.
  3. In forming its conclusion the report investigates correlation levels of Māori ethnicity between various data sets.  It finds there is a 99% match between the census and birth records, but in other data sets (such as health, education, welfare) not all people who stated they were of Māori ethnicity on the census elected to select Māori ethnicity within these sectors (matches were 79%, 89% and 93% respectively).[1]
  4. Overall the 2013 Census count of 598,605 usual New Zealand residents identifying as of Māori ethnicity remains the official Māori population count (with 46.5%, 278,196, identifying with no other ethnic group).  This report will be mainly of interest to researchers.

[1] The education statistic here relates to schools.  For tertiary education records the correlation was 92%.  Page 16 of the report refers.

July 1, 2016    Uncategorized

Ngāruahine Settlement Claims Bill – 1 July 2016 (22/2016)


  1. On Wednesday the second reading of the Ngāruahine Claims Settlement Bill was completed in Parliament.   This settlement currently includes financial and commercial redress valued at $67.5 million.
July 1, 2016    Uncategorized

Hineuru Settlement Claims Bill – 1 July 2016 (22/2016)


  1. On Wednesday the third reading of the Hineuru Settlement Claims Bill was completed in Parliament, and will now become law once Royal Assent is given by the Governor-General. (Ngāti Hineuru is located in the Haroto area, between Napier and Taupō.)   The Hineuru settlement includes financial and commercial redress of $25 million, a $2 million fund for cultural development as well as the return of a number of sites of cultural significance to the iwi.[1]

[1] Note this occurred as part of Tuesday’s Parliamentary business, which was carried over to Wednesday morning in an extended session.

July 1, 2016    Agriculture

Freshwater Reforms – Submission Analysis Released – 1 July 2016 (22/2016)


  1. The Ministry of the Environment has released a synopsis of submissions received from its consultation regarding freshwater policy reforms.  By way of background these reforms will, in our assessment, significantly improve Māori representation in the management of water and in regulatory processes over sectors that draw heavily upon water such as farming.    This will occur by local authorities (councils) being required to work with Māori – rather than just allowing for Māori input – via the right of Māori/iwi to seek managerial agreements with councils.  This is a stepped-change from existing policy settings, and if enacted iwi/Māori will, for the first time since 1840, have a guaranteed voice in the decision-making processes over all water bodies of interest.  Further, more specific details on these proposed reforms are provided in Pānui 5/2016.
  2. Consultation on the changes was open between February and April.  During this period a lobby group ran a public campaign against these reforms, due to their concerns that Māori rights in this sector were too extensive, ‘race-based’ and/or undemocratic.[1]  The Ministry notes that, possibly because of such matters, it received a higher number of submissions than expected.  Our reading of the report indicates that between 200 and 300 individuals made submissions against enhanced Māori involvement in this sector.  Despite that, the Ministry’s analysis reads as balanced.  In regards to ‘iwi rights and interests in freshwater’; their main findings are:
    • Support from most organisations for Te Mana o te Wai, but opposition from many individual submitters

      (this is the agreed Māori knowledge framework for water);

    • Support for Mana Whakahono a Rohe from local authorities and iwi

      (i.e. the groups who will be parties to such partnership agreements);

    • Concerns raised about the changes to water conservation orders, but general support for iwi involvement in proposals

      (the proposal is that evidence of iwi consultation becomes part of the process in determining any such orders, and that an iwi nominated person would be on the considering tribunal);

    • Support from key stakeholders on the proposal around iwi/hapū engagement and recognising iwi and hapū relationships with, and values for, freshwater, with differing views amongst individuals

      (this is the proposal to resource/support such changes);

    • Support for additional funding for clean, safe, drinking water for marae and papakāinga.

      (although the report indicates that potentially 80-odd submissions were against this too).[2]

[1] Refer to page 41 of the report for an example of this finding.

[2] The wording of the report does not allow us to identify precise numbers.

July 1, 2016    Economic

Statistics on Māori Business Released – 1 July 2016 (22/2016)


  1. On Thursday Statistics New Zealand released, Tatauranga Umanga Māori 2016: Statistics on Māori Businesses.   This is an annual report on Māori business activity. (Pānui 23/2014 and 22/2015 provide information on the 2014 and 2015 reports respectively.)  Each year the breadth and depth of analysis provided within Taturanga Umanga Māori is extended, as the department’s data collection and analysis in this area improves.  (They note this is an incremental process, and future data improvements are expected in out years.)
  2. As with previous years, information on businesses who are eligible for Māori authority status under the Tax Act is provided.  This year this information is extended to provide a clearer base count of these entities, and sector average financial performance data (refer to chapter two).
  3. Separate to that, and because a Māori identifier question was used in one Statistics New Zealand product – its Business Operations Survey – for the first time the department is now able to provide some limited information on Māori small to medium enterprises (SMEs).[1]   This is a significant step forward in this area (refer to chapter three).  In addition, two thematic areas are also included for specific analysis, these being agriculture (chapter four) and tourism (chapter five).  We have summarised what we consider to be the key data findings relating to Māori authorities and Māori SMEs below.

    Māori Authorities:  (key statistics from 2015, unless stated)

    [Note Māori authorities are entities eligible for Māori authority status under the Tax Act 2007;  a commercial business that supports the Māori authority’s business and social activities, and sustains or builds a Māori authority’s asset base; and businesses that are more than 50% owned by a Māori authority.]

    • There were circa 1,000 Māori authority businesses (page 13).
    • Total shareholder equity grew to $10.2 billion in 2014 (from $9.1 billion in 2013).  This was equally matched with a growth in assets, to circa $15 billion (page 20).
    • Export sales in 2014 were worth $526 million – however this fell to $485 million in 2015 (8% decrease) (page 8).
    • The sector average return on asset ratio (i.e. income earned by the deployment of assets) was only 3.4% in 2014, and the return on equity sector average was 4.9% (page 20)[2].
    • Overall the sector has no liquidity issues – the average ‘quick’ financial ratio was 176% (i.e. $1.76 of liquid assets available to cover each dollar of current liabilities) (page 19).
    • Circa 60% of the businesses of Māori authorities relate to land/sea based activities such as agriculture, forestry, leasing land and fisheries (page 11).
    • There were circa 10,000 jobs generated by Māori authorities (page 12).[3]
    • Sampling indicates 44% of Māori authorities sold goods and services to overseas markets.
    • 63% of exports were kaimoana, 25% were milk-based products and 7.8% were meat/edible offal or meat and fish preparations (pages 17 and 18)[4].

Māori Small and medium sized businesses

    • Goods exported by Māori SMEs were worth $44 million in 2015 (up from $38 million in 2014).
    • The 2014 Annual Enterprise Survey indicates Māori SMEs achieved a return on equity average of 15.5%, and a return on total assets of 5.2% (page 29).
    • One in five Māori SMEs marketed overseas, and 80% of these considered a unique intellectual property (mana whakairo hinengaro) or valuable brand (waitohu whaipainga) was the key factor for competing overseas (page 26).

Report Assessment

  1. In our assessment this report highlights two distinct trends.  First, Māori private businesses are, on average, making good returns for their owners by drawing upon Māori knowledge and concepts.  Second, returns on equity from Māori authorities are lower, which perhaps relates to the nature of their assets, (often inalienable, such as land blocks).  If this is the case – i.e. a sector dominated by farming on land that can rarely/never be sold regardless of inflation of land values – then perhaps some new financial measures are now required to better understand performance.  In short, in this context profit to asset/equity ratios may be providing a specious impression of lower performance than other land-based enterprises.
  2. Overall this report is likely to be of interest to subscribers involved in governing or managing Māori authorities, Māori business owners and to researchers.  Although in places the data still requires further filtering and explanation – as the department appears to have taken the approach of including every random statistic it could generate – on balance this is a useful report that will help improve understandings of the Māori business sector.


Extracts From Statistics New Zealand Data Tables prepared for Tatauranga Umanga Māori 2016, released 29 June 2016[5]

Māori Authorities

(for tax purposes)

2014 Enterprise Survey Data Change from 2013
Financial Performance    
Total Income $3 billion 1.8%
Total Expenditure $2.5 billion 8.5%
Surplus before Income Tax $500 million -17.8%
Financial Position    
Total Assets $15 billion 15.5%
Total Liabilities $4.6 billion 21%
Total Equity $10.4 billion 13.3%


[1] In addition to the survey, supporting information was provided by the Poutama Trust and NZ Māori Tourism.

[2] Was 4.8% in 2013, page 20 of the report refers.

[3] Note this is the approximate average of jobs available over a 24-month period to March 2015.

[4] This statistic is derived from a sample of Māori authorities sampled in the Business Operations Survey of Statistics New Zealand (page 17 of the report refers).

[5] We have rounded figures.  Refer to Table 1 of Excel data tables attached to this report.

July 1, 2016    Uncategorized

Māori financial capability fund announced -1 July 2016 (22/2016)


  1. Yesterday the Minister for Consumer Affairs, Paul Goldsmith, and the Minister for Māori Development, Te Ururoa Flavell, announced funding to improve “financial capability among Māori”.  The Ministers stated $900,000 is being set aside for the Commission for Financial Capability to deliver financial education programmes to Māori, based on trials which have involved marae and Māori trusts.
  2. We advise presently it is unclear if this is new funding, and whether/how Māori groups/communities can express interest in participating in this initiative as there is no information on the Commission’s website, and the Ministerial media release is scant on detail.[1]    

[1] Note the Commission for Financial Capability is a rebranding of the Retirement Commission, and is still overseen by the Retirement Commissioner.

July 1, 2016    Uncategorized

Household Net Worth – Report Released – 1 July 2016 (22/2016)


  1. On Tuesday Statistics New Zealand released a 14-page report entitled Household Net Worth Statistics: Year ended June 2015.[1]  As the title indicates, this report counts the assets and liabilities of New Zealand adults, as recorded last year.  Overall the report finds that the median net worth of New Zealand households was $289,000, but that wealth is unevenly distributed with the wealthiest 20% holding around 70% of total net worth.
  2. The report provides information on asset and liability differences between ethnic groups (European New Zealanders, Māori, Pacific People, Asian and Other).[2]  The report finds that the European New Zealander  population had a higher net worth than other ethnic groups, at $114,000.  This compares with $23,000 for Māori (five times lower), $12,000 for Pacific peoples (ten times lower), and $33,000 for the Asian ethnic group (three times lower).  In making these comparisons the report recognises the different age structures of the population groups, and that net worth is age related – younger adults have fewer assets – and therefore uses age standardised data within its analyses.  That is, these stark differences between the assets of Māori and Pacific peoples to those of European New Zealanders do not relate to age grouping matters.
  3. We have reviewed the report and its associated data tables.  From the data tables provided, and other Statistics New Zealand population data, our analysis identifies the following key points in relation to Māori:Total assets, liabilities and (financial) net worth
    • In total, Māori individual assets (i.e. excluding collective assets) were valued at circa $72.6 billion.  Total Māori individual liabilities were $14.3 billion, leading to a total Māori financial net worth of $58.3 billion.
    • Of Māori assets, circa 50% were non-financial assets (such as housing, other real estate and consumer durables) and 50% were financial assets, (such as bank deposits, pension funds and shares/equities).
    • Total Māori liabilities fell into two main areas: home loans at circa $9.4 billion and student/education loans at circa $1.4 billion.
    • The mean (average) Māori net worth value was $175,000 – but the median Māori net worth value was only $23,000 (median being the midpoint value within the Māori population).  The large difference between these two figures indicates a very high level of wealth disparity within the Māori population, with the mean-to-median ratio being 1:7 (i.e. the larger this ratio, the more the distribution of wealth is concentrated on the wealthy: by comparison the NZ overall ratio is closer to 1:3).  This is important, and an area that has yet to be well studied by researchers or policy analysts.
    • Māori are financially poor when compared with New Zealanders overall.  The average (mean) net worth of New Zealand adults overall is $297,000, with the median (midpoint value) being $87,000.Home-ownership
    • 107,000 Māori adults reportedly own their own home (owner-occupied dwelling): this is 22% of Māori aged 15-years and older, and represents circa $20.3 billion in assets.[3]
    • Of Māori adults with their own home, 69% have a home loan, meaning 31% – circa 33,000 Māori – have a freehold home.  This represents circa 7% of the total adult Māori population.
    • By way of comparison, 55% of European New Zealanders with a home have a home loan. (I.e. there is a 14 percentile point disparity between Māori and European New Zealanders in regards to freehold housing).Education /student loan debts
    • Circa one in three Māori with liabilities have an education loan (i.e. a tertiary education student loan).  The average value is $17,000 and in total education loans comprise 10% of all Māori financial liabilities.
    • By comparison, circa one in five European New Zealanders have an education loan.  The average value is higher at $20,000, but this represents only 5% of all financial liabilities.  These statistics indicate Māori are more reliant on student loans than others. 

      Report Assessment

  4. Overall this is a useful report from Statistics New Zealand, in that it fills a gap in knowledge around Māori household assets and liabilities.  In sum, this research is one of the clearest examples yet of the wealth disparity that exists between Māori and non-Māori.  There are no issues arising with the quality of the data provided.  However, much of the key Māori data is contained only within the supplementary tables, rather than being interpreted and discussed within the report – hence why we have undertaken direct analysis to provide the bullet points above on matters pertinent to Māori.  In our view Statistics New Zealand would have done better to more directly explain and write up such findings itself, for all ethnicities, to ensure full utilisation of its research.   (For example, we are unaware of any group undertaking analysis of Pasifika data.)
  5. We also consider that Statistics New Zealand, if it had undertaken more analysis, could then have linked this research to its other findings in relation to home-ownership trends, population estimates, and then with Ministry of Social Development work on household incomes.  If such exercises were undertaken then the Government would have a much more coherent picture of household income and expenditure, alongside that of assets and liabilities.  For example, Māori median household income is presently reported as $28,500 by the Ministry of Social Development, which is lower than others and explains differences in asset acquisitions (Pānui 29/2015 refers.)  The table that follows provides extracts of Māori data provided within four supplementary tables within this report.



Māori Specific Data (as at 30 June 2015)  – Extracted From Statistics New Zealand Data Tables on Net Worth, released 28 June 2016



Median Value(midpoint) Mean Value(average) Total Value (rounded) Total people (aged 15yrs+)


Owner-occupied dwellings





Other real estate 





Other non-financial





Currency and deposits Not provided




Pension funds 





Other household financial assets



Not given


Total individual assets







Owner-occupied residence loans





Other real estate loans



Not provided


Education loans 





Other loans and liabilities


Not provided

Not provided


Total Individual Liabilities






Total Individual Net Worth





[1] Note that in addition a set of data tables to support the findings in the report has also been released.

[2] Other includes Middle Eastern, Latin American, African and all other ethnicities not included elsewhere.

[3] Based on Statistics New Zealand 2015 Māori population estimates.

June 24, 2016    Uncategorized

Māori News for the Week Ending 24 June 2016 (21/2016)


  • This week the Minister for Māori Development, Te Ururoa Flavell, is leading a Māori business delegation on a six-day culture and trade mission to South Korea and Japan.
  • Jeremy MacLeod has been selected by a cluster of iwi from Te Tairāwhiti to be their representative on Te Mātāwai, the incoming Māori language entity.  (Te Mātāwai will have 13 representatives.  Seven of these will be selected by respective iwi clusters.)
  • Sir Ralph Norris and Sir Mark Solomon have both been acknowledged by ‘Kea’ (Kiwis Abroad) in its 2016 leadership awards.
  • Hone Harawira has indicated that he intends to relaunch his Mana Party at next year’s election and contest for the Te Taitokerau seat, (currently held by Kelvin Davis, Labour Party).
  • Yesterday the Minister for Science and Innovation, Steven Joyce and the Minister for Māori Development, Te Ururoa Flavell, announced the release of the list of successful recipients for the Te Pūnaha Hihiko – Vision Mātauranga Capability Fund, for 2016.   In total circa $4 million has been allocated across 33 new programmes/projects.  The fund is designed to develop Māori participation in science and innovation, whilst supporting outcomes that benefit New Zealand.  The table that follows outlines the successful initiatives.
Organisation/s (lead in bold) Title Funding & Term
Biological Husbandry Unit Organics Trust t/a The BHU Future Farming Centre

Te Runanga o Koukourarata Incorporated Society, Lincoln University

Maara Kai and food science capacity building with Koukourārata Runanga and Ngāi Tahu $180,000

(24 months)

Cawthron Institute

Tiakina te Taiao

Tuia te here tangata, tuia te here mātauranga: Connecting people and weaving western science and mātauranga Maori to protect our freshwater $99,550

(24 months)

Cawthron Institute

Hikurangi Takiwa Trust

Facilitating Co-management of Freshwater in Tairawhiti $180,000

(24 months)

GNS Science

Te Runanganui o Ngati Porou, He Oranga Mo Nga Uri Tuku Iho Trust, Ngai Tamanuhiri, Gisborne District Council ,Indonesian National Disaster Management Authority, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Oho Ake Te Tai Rāwhiti – Enhancing Te Tairāwhiti natural hazard awareness and preparedness $100,000

(12 months)

GNS Science

Te Runanga o Makaawhio Incorporated (“Makaawhio”)

Whatungārōngāro te tangata, toitu te whenua – Developing the Earth Science capacity and expertise of Makaawhio $100,000

(24 months)

iPansophy Limited

Wakatu Incorporation, Plus Group Horticulture Limited, Waka Digital Limited

Ma te matau ka ora – Part #2, creating shared value through understanding our land and its potential $180,000

(24 months)

Scion Research

Lake Taupo Forest Management Limited

Clonal Forestry in Māori-owned Plantations $142,883

(24 months)

Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd

Ngatiwai Trust Board

Mana moana o Ngātiwai: A research framework that supports the reinstatement of Ngātiwai’s cultural stewardship over their offshore islands and seascape $180,000

(24 months)

Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd

Maungaharuru-Tangitu Trust

He Kainga Taurikura – A Treasured Environment $100,000

(24 months)

Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd

Te Runanganui o Ngati Porou

Identifying land use opportunities to enhance the economic, cultural, and environmental prosperity of Ngāti Porou $100,000

(19 months)

Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd

Te Kopere o te iwi o Hineuru Trust (Te Kopere)

Whakapapa o te Taiao $100,000

(24 months)

Lincoln Agritech Limited

Kai Tahu ki Otago Ltd

Otago Rūnanga responses to changing mahinga kai and regional water policy conditions $180,000

(24 months)

Lincoln Agritech Limited

Mahaanui Kurataiao Limited, Te Taumutu Runanga


Innovation to improve both the mauri and life-supporting capacity of ground water $100,000

(18 months)

Lincoln University

Mangatu Integrated Foods

Improving beef profitability in Mangatu Integrated Foods Hill Country Farms Using Fodder Beet Systems $100,000

(24 months)

Mahaanui Kurataiao Limited

Shareholder Council (representing the six runanga shareholders)  

Kura-Taiao CONNECT Te Waipounamu $100,000

(24 months)

Massey University

Lake Horowhenua Trust, Muaupoko Tribal Authority

Horo Whenua: Measuring the moving land through precision geomorphic analysis of the Punahau/Lake Horowhenua lakebed and surrounding areas $179,738

(24 months)

Massey University

Eastland Community Trust


Connect Tairawhiti


(24 months)

Massey University

Tahuri Whenua Inc. Soc.

Kaore te kumara e korero mo tona ake reka $100,000

(24 months)

Massey University

Nga Maunga Whakahii o Kaipara Development Trust – PSGE for Ngati Whatua o Kaipara

Using the internet to empower Ngati Whatua o Kaipara to awa management $100,000

(24 months)

Massey University

Ngati Rangi Trust, OSPRI

Monitoring the environmental effects of 1080 pest control in the Southern Horopito area $100,000

(24 months)

Massey University

Hato Paora College, Te Kura o Kauwhata, Murupara Area School

Māori STEM Engagement $100,000

(24 months)

Maungaharuru-Tangitu Trust

Shore Whariki Research

Realising the potential of Rongoā in MaungaharuruTangitū $177,210

(24 months)

National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research

Maniapoto Maori Trust Board (MMTB)

Ngā repo o Maniapoto $100,000

(24 months)

PlusGroup Horticulture Limited

Waka Digital Limited, iPansophy Limited, Wakatu Incorporation

Ma te matau ka ora – Part #1, creating shared value through understanding our land and its potential $100,000

(24 months)

Te Ohu Tiaki o Rangitane Te Ika a Maui Trust

Institute of Agriculture and Environment, Massey University

Building skills and research capability for Rangitane North Island around assessing tuna populations and factors influencing tuna recruitment $180,000

(24 months)

Te Runanga o Arowhenua Society Incorporated

Te Runanga o Ngai Tahu ,NIWA – National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Environment Canterbury, University of Otago

Te Umu Kaha te Awa $100,000

(12 months)

Te Runanga o Koukourarata Incorporated Society

Biological Husbandry Unit (BHU),Lincoln University, Koukourarata Development Company, Te Roopu Manukuia (Steering Group led by Koukourarata, with the BHU, Lincoln, Whenua Kura and the Department of Corrections

Koukourārata Wānanga Taiao (Māra Kai Innovation) $100,000

(13 months)

Te Runanga o Ngai Tahu Limited

Cawthron Institute

Algae Potential $100,000

(17 months)

Te Whare Wananga o Awanuiarangi

Te Arawa Lakes Trust

Through a weavers lens $100,000

(24 months)

The Research Trust of Victoria University of Wellington

Ngati Rangi ,Department of Conservation, University of Copenhagen

The Future of Our Taonga Tipu $100,000

(24 months)

Tuhoe Trust Custodian Trustee Company Limited

GNS Science, Victoria University of Wellington

Taniwha ō Te Urewera $100,000

(24 months)

Unitec Institute of Technology

Te Uri O Hau Settlement Trust, Environs Holdings Ltd

Te Uri O Hau kaitiakitanga: Connecting and sharing science and mātauranga o te taiao $16,000

(7 months)

University of Otago

Te Runanga o Ngai Tahu

Using mātauranga to inform management strategies for customary finfish fisheries $180,000

(24 months)


June 24, 2016    Uncategorized

General Matters and Māori News for the Week Ending 17 June 2016 (20/2016)


  • Yesterday the Minister for Māori Development, Te Ururoa Flavell, released Māori me te Ao Hangarau 2015; The Māori ICT Report 2015.   This research report has been produced under the branding of the Government’s Māori economic strategy and Panel, He Kai Kei Aku Ringa.  (Although it reads as if it was prepared by officials for the Panel, rather than by Panelists themselves.)  The report makes the point that there are gaps in Māori uptake of ICT in comparison to others (few Māori working in the sector, lower levels of home internet and broadband, etc).  We will provide a full review in Pānui edition 21/2016 next week.

  • Last week we advised that the Minister for Social Housing, Paula Bennett, was visiting Te Puea Marae to discuss the respite housing support the marae is providing.  This was incorrect – as the Minister later clarified that she was “too busy” to go to the marae itself, but was instead meeting with the marae chairperson, Hurimoana Dennis, at a café.  However, perhaps noting the negative publicly her “too busy” statement caused in the media, and also the visit to the marae by Labour Party Leader Andrew Little, on Monday this week Minister Bennett did manage to adjust her diary and find time to visit the marae itself, where she talked with one person without housing.  As an outcome, some officials will now be located at the marae on occasion, to better assist whānau with housing needs.   After the visit, however, Minister Bennett was then required to call and apologise to Mr Dennis because her office had advised the media that Mr Dennis is a senior police officer who is currently stood down, while being investigated. (Mr Dennis held the role of National Māori Strategic Advisor within the Police.  Last week he disclosed to Minister Bennett that he was being investigated.  The matter being investigated is not public.  Minister Bennett considers the information leakage was inadvertent, although there is some speculation that it was a more deliberate ‘smear’ campaign.)
  • As previously advised, this week the outgoing Mayor of New Plymouth, Andrew Judd, is undertaking a 44-kilometre ‘peace walk’ from New Plymouth to Parihaka, with supporters (starting at circa 300 people).
  • On Wednesday the Minister for Justice, Amy Adams, announced that on the balance of probabilities Teina Pora is innocent of the charges for which he was convicted, and that the Government now accepts that.  She advised that Cabinet has accepted a recommendation from retired High Court Judge Rodney Hansen QC, to provide just over $2.5 million in compensation to Mr Pora, given his wrongful convictions and imprisonment for twenty years.  She also advised that she has written to Mr Pora to acknowledge his innocence and unreservedly apologise to him.

    [By way of background, in 1994 Mr Pora was found guilty of the 1992 rape and murder of Ms Susan Burdett, on the basis of his confessions to the crimes.  However, two years later, in 1996, scientific (DNA) evidence linked Malcolm Rewa to the rape of Ms Burdett.  In 1998 Mr Rewa – who was already a convicted serial rapist - was then found guilty of Ms Burdett’s rape, but not her murder (there was a hung jury on that charge).  Following this, Mr Pora’s case was then reheard, however in 2000 he was again found guilty of the rape and murder of Ms Burdett (i.e. that he was with Mr Rewa).  This conviction ultimately led to the appeal to the Privy Council, which centred on both the reliability of Mr Pora’s confessions – given at age 17 after alleged duress from police officers – and on the fact that another person had already been convicted of the rape.    In 2015 the Privy Council quashed the convictions of Teina Pora.  The Law Lords found that the effects of Pora’s foetal alcohol disorder meant reliance on his confessions gave rise to the risk of a miscarriage of justice.  Mr Pora was released at that time.]

  • Last Thursday the Supreme Court issued its judgements in regards to the March 2014 sale of the Whārere farm by Landcorp to Micro Farms Ltd, against the wishes of Ngāti Whakahemo.  The Supreme Court was unanimous in agreeing with the High Court and Appeal Court that Landcorp – via its board representative Traci Houpapa – did not act in bad faith towards Ngāti Whakahemo.[1]

    However, the Court found (by majority 3-2) that Landcorp’s decision to sell Whārere was susceptible to judicial review, and that the decision of Ministers not to intervene in 2013 to prevent the sale constituted a wrongful exercise of public power – because Ministers relied on incorrect advice from the Office of Treaty Settlements.   Despite that finding, the Court (by majority 3-2) determined not to set aside the Landcorp/Micro sale, as doing so now would inappropriately impact on an innocent third party (Micro).  Given this outcome, a spokesperson for Ngāti Whakahemo, Willie Te Aho, has now indicated the iwi may seek a binding ruling from the Waitangi Tribunal for the resumption of the land.

    [By way of further background, in 2013 Ngāti Whakahemo was interested in purchasing this farm, but at the time the Office of Treaty Settlements considered that all of the iwi’s historic Treaty of Waitangi claims had been extinguished, and therefore advised both Landcorp and shareholding Ministers that the property was not required for Treaty settlement purposes, (effectively allowing the property could be sold on the open market).  The Office of Treaty Settlements now accepts this was erroneous advice.

    Accordingly, Landcorp progressed the tender process to sell the property in late 2013.  At this time another iwi, Ngāti Mākino, begun discussing the possible purchase of Whārere in the course of their Treaty settlement negotiations.  To that end, and because of Ministerial intervention, after the tender closed (with the highest bid being from Micro Farms), Ngāti Mākino was given a circa 10-week window to determine whether they could purchase the property, with a consortium, at the market price.   Ngāti Whakahemo was engaged in these discussions, but not made aware of the final deadline.  Ultimately Ngāti Mākino determined not to pursue the property, and Landcorp thereby resumed the sales process with Micro, which was concluded on 5 March 2014.

    Ngāti Whakahemo, however, was not aware of the sale proceeding until after the fact, and had felt that they were still in negotiations for the property with Landcorp.  Accordingly, they alleged ‘bad faith’ from Landcorp in this regard.  Their various High Court, Appeal Court and Supreme Court claims centred on both the actions of Landcorp, and their view that Landcorp shareholding Ministers had the power to prevent the sale but did not, because of the incorrect advice from the Office of Treaty Settlements.

  • On Wednesday the Health Research Council announced the projects, programmes and emerging researchers it would provide grants to from 2016.  Circa $60 million of funding was allocated, and we estimate circa 20% ($11.8 million) was allocated to research focused specifically on Māori.[2]   Māori focused initiatives are summarised in the table below.

Health Research Council – 2016 Funding Grants

Dr Margaret Dudley

University of Auckland

A Māori approach to the assessment and management of dementia


48 months

Lay summary

  • Dr Lis Ellison-Loschmann

Massey University

Cancer support programmes for Māori whānau


36 months

Lay summary


  • Dr Cameron Lacey

University of Otago, Christchurch

Māori and bipolar disorder


36 months

Lay summary


  • Dr Leonie Pihama

University of Waikato

He oranga ngākau: Māori and trauma informed care


36 months

Lay summary


  • Dr Leonie Pihama

University of Waikato

Honour project Aotearoa


36 months

Lay summary


  • Mr Andrew Waa

University of Otago, Wellington

Te ara auahi kore


48 months

Lay summary


  • Associate Professor Beverley Lawton

University of Otago, Wellington

Whānau manaaki


60 months

Lay summary

Dr Mihi Ratima

Te Pou Tiringa Incorporated

Te Kura Mai I Tawhiti


12 months

Lay summary


  • Dr Anneka Anderson

University of Auckland

Māori experiences of antenatal care in Tāmaki Makarau


30 months

Lay summary


[1] More precisely the Supreme Court found such claims were not sustainable.

[2] Note Māori will, of course, likely benefit from all success research projects.

June 13, 2016    Uncategorized

Appointments and Awards – 10 June 2016 (19/2016)


[1] Note it is possible there were also other Māori recipients of awards that were not identified as Māori, or for providing services to Māori.

June 13, 2016    Uncategorized

Māori News for the Week Ending 10 June 2016 (19/2016)


  • This week Te Puni Kōkiri has released ‘A guide to Te Ture Whenua Māori Reforms’.  This is a short (16-page) booklet that sets out how the reforms propose to ensure Māori land protections are upheld, owners have greater autonomy, and are better supported in their aspirations for their lands.  Also released are the regulatory impact statements and Cabinet papers associated with these reforms.  We will further outline of these materials in Pānui next week.

  • On Wednesday the Controller and Auditor-General, Lyn Provost, tabled a Māori education report in Parliament.  This is the third report in a series of five on Māori education, and the focus this time is on the use of information to improve Māori educational outcomes.  We are reviewing the report and will provide a briefing on it in Pānui next week.

  • This week He Korowai Trust in Kaitaia was able to commence its housing programme, with nine houses being passed over to whānau in need of accommodation.  By way of background, this Trust has developed a housing scheme for low-income whānau with severe housing needs, which allows for selected whānau to purchase affordable housing from the Trust.  To develop the scheme the Trust received Government grants to transport former Auckland state houses to Kaitaia and to upgrade these buildings. (New social housing was then built in Auckland on the previous sites, to increase quality and density.)  The Trust’s programme was delayed last year due to potential tax implications, which have now been resolved, Pānui 34/2015 refers.
June 13, 2016    Uncategorized

He mihi ki Tā Kereama Latimer

He mihi ki Tā Kereama Latimer

He aha rā te hau e wawara mai nei? He hau tonga rā e kawe ana i te aroha o te motu ki runga i ngā iwi o te Taitokerau, e tangi ana ki te taniwha kua riro nei. Ko Tā Kereama tērā kua takahi atu rā i te ara roa a Tāne ki ōna mātua, ki ōna tīpuna. Haere, haere, haere rā e Tā. Tēnā tātau e noho morehu nei ki te mata o te whenua. Ka nui te aroha ki te whānau tonu. He tika tonu tā tātau tangi ki a Tā Kereama me te whakamaioha atu ki āna mahi nunui ki roto i ngā tau maha hei hāpai i te iwi Māori. Nāna i ārahi te Kaunihera Māori me āna mahi nui ki te whakaora mai i te Tiriti o Waitangi ki roto i te rāngai hī ika, ki roto i ngā mahi ngāherehere, ki roto i ngā mahi pāho me te reo Māori hoki, me te maha noa atu. He kaiārahi hoki ia mō ōna iwi o Te Taitokerau, he kaiwhiriwhiri mō Te Uri o Hau. Kia kaha tātau ki te hāpai i ngā mahi nui nei kua waiho mai ki a tātau.


It is with sadness that we note the passing of Sir Graham Latimer. We wish him a safe journey on the long path of Tāne to his elders and ancestors, and we send our aroha to his whānau and the people of the north. Sir Graham was an exceptional leader who guided the New Zealand Māori Council for many years. He was at the forefront of its endeavours to elevate the status of the Treaty of Waitangi across many fields, including fisheries, forestry, broadcasting and Māori language issues, to name a few. He was recognised as a tribal leader for his northern iwi and as a Treaty settlement negotiator for Te Uri o Hau. He has left an outstanding legacy and there is a challenge for all of us to uphold and strengthen it. Haere rā, e Tā.

June 7, 2016    Uncategorized

Māori News for the Week Ending 3 June 2016 (18/2016)


  • Rakaia Incorporated won the 2016 Ahuwhenua Trophy BNZ Māori Excellence in Farming award (on May 20th).[1]
  • Māori media outlets have been reporting on the fairness of custodial sentences imposed on two Māori men who were, in 2014, convicted of stealing/taking trout from a protected waterway.  (The men had argued the trout were taken with kaumātua permission for a funeral, but the Court found the men did not have appropriate kaumātua/iwi consent.)  After conviction one of the men failed to appear for sentencing, and was only recently arrested and imprisoned, which has brought the matter to media attention.
  • Whitireia New Zealand and the Wellington Institute of Technology (WelTec) have opened a shared institute, Te Auaha, focused on Māori performing arts.   A new $22.5 million facility for Te Auaha is scheduled to open in 2018.
  • Last week we advised that $1 million per annum has been included within the Government’s Budget to commemorate the nineteenth century New Zealand land wars.  This week the Minister for Māori Development, Te Ururoa Flavell, indicated he is consulting with iwi leaders as to how the funds should be appropriated, and on what type of events.  (For example whether a particular day should be set aside for national commemorations.)  It is unclear why the wider New Zealand public has not been invited to comment, given the breadth of interests in national historical events.
  • Next Wednesday the outgoing Mayor of New Plymouth, Andrew Judd, will commence a 44-kilometre walk from New Plymouth to Parihaka.  During the three-day walk/hikoi meetings will be held to discuss race relations.  (By way of background, during his tenure as Mayor Judd advocated for the New Plymouth Council to adopt a Māori ward.  He was criticised for this, and has indicated that by raising the matter he no longer has sufficient support within the community to be re-elected as Mayor.)

[1] We did not advise on this last week due to our focus on the Government’s Budget.

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